Canon T4i Help and How-to series – Covering the Basic Modes on your Dial – Macro, Portrait, Creative Auto etc

A brief description of each item on the Basic side of the dial

A+ – Camera does ALL the thinking – easy to get decent photos but hard to get GREAT photos, meaning camera has average sized brain and you with a little work have an above average brain for photography and can use your camera to the best of it’s ability AND yours.

No-Flash – Auto mode that disables flash. Useful for places where the flash is prohibited i.e. small concerts, art galleries, aquariums etc. Downside camera may make poor decisions about shutter speed and ISO.

CA – Auto mode with ambiance settings that includes monochrome, vivid etc and background blur – adjusts aperture based on your background blur setting. Mildly useful for learning how aperture controls background blur or bokeh as it shows you aperture value as you change the background blur.

Portrait – Sets a small f-stop to create background blur and adjusts color settings to be pleasing for skin tones

Landscape – Opposite of portrait – sets large f-stop to keep all in focus and adjusts color settings to be more pleasing for greens and blues.

Macro Mode – complete crap. Does nothing other than set an f-stop that should provide a medium depth of field. note that when you are focusing very close your depth of field can be VERY narrow.

Sports Mode – Tries to prioritize shutter speed in such a way to keep it fast enough to freeze faster moving action

Night portrait mode – fires the flash but also keeps the shutter open longer than normally, really need a tripod but benefit is to allow more ambient light into the image. When flash fires alone at normal shutter speeds 1/60 only subject lit by flash is exposed- background is often VERY dark.

Handheld Night Scene – takes 4 images and sandwiches into one. In my experience the results are not great – very noisy. Once you learn some basics of photography you can achieve much better results in other modes.

HDR mode – Mildly useful but you give up lots of control – All about HDR mode on the Canon T4i

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 #mondaymorningshare - Were you trying to impress the ladies this week like this green winged teal? Visit to share your favorite photo from the last week and check out all the submissions! It's a great way to get your work seen! * Captured with the Sigma 150-600 C as I wrap up my comparison vs the Tamron 150-600
 Deal Alert - This is an unofficial price drop and probably won't last long! I am working on a video right now about why the 80D #dslr is still my pick for best all around camera at this price point and still a better pick versus the new #canon #77D. The owl photo I posted a few days ago was captured with the #80D at ISO 5000
 Another from last weekend's #owlstravaganza (I am so glad that hashtag exists) I hope to head back here this weekend with my kids to see these Short-eared Owls hanging out and as I mentioned earlier it is a great testing ground for my Sigma 150-600 vs Tamron 150-600 G2 comparison I am working on. * Captured with the Canon 80D and #tamron #150600g2 ISO 5000 (it was darker than it looks)

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  1. I have been promising this one for several weeks – finally up. Please let me know if you have any questions. If I could sum up the video and the article in one sentence – spend time learning your camera so you can move to the other side of the dial as soon as possible, you will generally get better results.

  2. Thank you! Brand new at this and this was so much better than reading the manual! Look forward to reading more of your website and watching videos. We chatted a few weeks ago and on your recommendation got the Cannon 4Ti w/ the 18-135mm lens.

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